Vol. 1 No. 1 (2018): Dignity and Value of the Family
Articles

The Fissioning of the Modern Family in Utopia- The Real- World Consequences of Political Illusions

Bryce Christensen
Southern Utah University (USA)
Bio
Published 12.12.2018
Keywords
  • childcare,
  • divorce,
  • dystopia,
  • family,
  • marriage,
  • utopia
  • ...More
    Less
How to Cite
Christensen, B. (2018). The Fissioning of the Modern Family in Utopia- The Real- World Consequences of Political Illusions. The Legal Culture, 1(1), 98-112. https://doi.org/10.37873/legal.2018.1.1.13

Abstract

Since the mid-20th century, the United States-, like many Europeancountries, -has witnessed dramatic changes in family life, resulting inremarkably low rates for marriage and fertility, remarkably high rates fordivorce, cohabitation, and out-of-wedlock births. To understand these changes the article presents, on the example of literature, ideologies, philosophical trends, and intellectual opinions, which in a particularly destructive way influenced the contemporary condition of the family.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

  1. Andreae J.V., Christianopolis (1619), trans. D.S. Georgi, Calwer Vergag, 1972.
  2. Barzun J., From Dawn to Decadence: 500 Years of Western Cultural Life, 1500 to the Present, HarperCollins, 2000.
  3. Baskerville S., Taken into Custody: The War Against Fathers, Marriage, and the Family, Cumberland House, 2007.
  4. Bellamy E., Looking Backward. From 2000 to 1887, Boston 2000.
  5. Borges G. et al., Twelve-Month Prevalence of and Risk Factors for Suicide Attempts in the WHO World Mental Health Surveys, „Journal of Clinical Psychiatry”, vol. 71, no. 12. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4088/JCP.08m04967blu
  6. Burgess A., The Wanting Seed, W.W. Norton Company, 1996.
  7. Cahn N., Carboni J., Commentary, „Journal of Law and Bioscience”, vol. 2, no. 1, 2015. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/jlb/lsu033
  8. Cahn N., Carboni J., Marriage Markets: How Inequality is Remaking the American Family, Oxford University Press, 2014.
  9. Carlson A.C., Family Questions: Reflections on the American Social Crisis, Transaction 1988.
  10. Carlson A.C., Mero P.T., The Natural Family, Spence, 2007.
  11. Carson E.A., Anderson E., Prisoners in 2015, Bulletin, U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Bureau of Justice Statistics, December 2016, NCJ 250229.
  12. Chesterton G.K., Divorce vs. Democracy (1916), Collected Works, ed. G.J. Marlin et al., Ignatius, vol. 4, 1987.
  13. Chesterton G.K., Marriage and the Modern Mind, As I Was Saying: A Chesterton Reader, ed. R. Knille and W.B. Eerdmans, 1985.
  14. Chesterton G.K., The Superstition of Divorce (1920), Collected Works, ed. G.J. Marlin et al., Ignatius, vol. 4, 1987.
  15. Christensen B., The Family in Utopia, „Renascence”, vol. 44, no. 1, 1991. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5840/renascence199144110
  16. „Conclusion”. The Conjugal Family: An Irreplaceable Resource for Society, ed. P. Donati and P. Sullins, Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 2015.
  17. Courtwright D., Violent Land: Single Men and Social Disorder from the Frontier to the Inner City, Harvard University Press, 1996.
  18. Dabernat H. et al., Haemophilus influenza Carriage in Children Attending French Day Care Centers: A Molecular Epidemiological Study, „Journal of Clinical Microbiology”, vol. 41, no. 4, 2003. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1128/JCM.41.4.1664-1672.2003
  19. Deschamps L.-M., Le Vrai Système, ed. J. Thomas and F. Venturi, Librarie E. Droz, 1939.
  20. Eliot T.S., „Choruses from the Rock”. The Complete Poems and Plays, 1909–1950, Harcourt, 1971.
  21. Gilman C.P., Moving the Mountain, Charlton, 1911.
  22. Hoekelman R.A., Day-care, Day-care: May Day, May Day!, „Pediatric Annals”, vol. 20, no. 8, 1991.
  23. Holloway S.D., Kathleen S.G., Fuller B., Child-Rearing Beliefs Within Diverse Social Structures, „International Journal of Psychology”, vol. 23, 1988. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/00207598808247768
  24. Huxley A., Brave New Word, London 1932.
  25. Huxley A., Foreword to Brave New World, 1946.
  26. Jencks C., Deadly Neighborhoods. Rev. of the Truly Disadvantaged: The Inner City, the Underclass Public Policy, „The New Republic”, 13 June 1988.
  27. Kaeble D., Glaze L., Correctional Populations in the United States, 2015, Bulletin, U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Bureau of Justice Statistics, Dec. 2016, NCJ 250374.
  28. Kateb G., Utopia and Its Enemies, Free Press, 1963.
  29. Kheriaty A., Dying of Despair, „First Things”, no. 275, Aug./Sep. 2017.
  30. Lundberg S., Pollak R.A., Stearns J., Family Inequality: Diverging Patterns in Marriage, Cohabitation, and Childbearing, „Journal of Economic Perspectives”, vol. 30, no. 2, 2016. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1257/jep.30.2.79
  31. Marvell T.B., Divorce Rates and the Fault Requirement, „Law and Society Review”, vol. 23, 1989. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2307/3053847
  32. Medawar P.B., The Threat and the Glory, HarperCollins, 1990.
  33. More T., Utopia, trans. R. Robinson, Three Renaissance Classics, Scribner’s, 1953.
  34. Morris W., News from Nowhere: Or An Epoch Of Rest, Roberts Brothers, 1891.
  35. National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Mother-Child Interaction and Cognitive Outcomes Associated with Early Child Care: Results of the NICHD Study, Early Child Network, Apr. 1997, ERIC Number ED047149.
  36. Nesti M.M., Goldbaum M., Infectious Diseases and Daycare and Preschool Education, „Jornal de Pediatria”, vol. 83, no. 4, 2007. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1590/S0021-75572007000500004
  37. Norval N.D., The Recent Trend in Marital Success in the United States, „Journal of Marriage and the Family”, vol. 53, 1991. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2307/352897
  38. Orwell G., 1984 (1949), Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1961.
  39. Pinderhughes E.B., African American Marriage in the 20th century, Family Process, vol. 41, no. 2, 2002. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1545-5300.2002.41206.x
  40. Popenoe D., Disturbing the Nest: Family Change and Decline in Modern Societies, Aldine de Gruyter, 1988.
  41. Shapiro A.F., Gottman J.M., Carrère S., The Baby and the Marriage: Identifying Factors That Buffer Against Marital Dissatisfaction After the First Baby Arrives, „Journal of Family Psychology”, vol. 14, no. 1, 2000. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1037/0893-3200.14.1.59
  42. Shreve A., Remaking Motherhood: How Working Mothers Are Shaping Our Children’s Future, Viking, 1987.
  43. Skinner B.F., Walden Two (1948), Macmillan, 1976.
  44. Sorokin P., Social and Cultural Dynamics: A Study of Change in Major Systems of Art, Truth, Ethics, Law, and Social Relationships, Revised and Abridged Edition (1957), Transaction, 1985.
  45. Stoll L.C., Race and Gender in the Classroom: Teachers, Privilege, and Enduring Social Inequalities, Lexington Books, 2013.
  46. The American Family Today, „Parenting in America”, Pew Research Center, 17 Dec. 2015.
  47. Thorton A., Axinn G., Hill H., Reciprocal Effects of Religiosity, Cohabitation, and Marriage, „American Journal of Sociology”, vol. 98, no. 3, Nov. 1992. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1086/230051
  48. Tommaso C., City of the Sun (1602), trans. T.W. Halliday, [in:] H. Morley, Ideal Commonwealths (1901), Kennikat, 1968.
  49. Uecker J.E., Marriage and Mental Health among Young Adults, „Journal of Health and Social Behavior”, vol. 53, no. 1, 2012. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0022146511419206
  50. Webster-Stratton C., The Relationship of Marital Support, Conflict, and Divorce to Parent Perceptions, Behaviors, and Childhood Conduct Problems, „Journal of Marriage and the Family”, vol. 51, no. 2, 1989. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2307/352504
  51. Western B., Incarceration, Marriage, and Family Life, Russell Sage Foundation, September 2004, https://www.russellsage.org/.../Western_Incarceration,%20Marriage,%20%26%20Fam, accessed: 21 Sep. 2017.
  52. Women’s Marital Status, Historical Marital Status Tables, United States Census Bureau, Nov. 2017, Figure MS-1b, https://www.census.gov/content/dam/Census/library/visualizations/time-series/demo/families-and-households/ms-1b.pdf, Percent of Children Under 18 Who Live with Their Mother Only.
  53. Wuthnow R., After the Baby Boomers: How Twenty- and Thirty-Somethings Are Shaping the Future of American Religion, Princeton University Press, 2010. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2307/j.ctt7rnz3
  54. Yagupsky P., Outbreaks of Kingellakingae Infections in Daycare Facilities, „Emerging Infectious Diseases”, vol. 20, no. 5, 2014. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3201/eid2005.131633
  55. Zamyatin Y., We (1924), trans. M. Ginsburg, Viking, 1972.