Vol. 2 No. 1 (2019): In Memoriam: Czesław Martyniak
Articles

Human Dignity as a Legal Concept. A Vision of European Culture

Christian Hillgruber
University of Bonn (Germany)
Bio
Published 9.11.2020
Keywords
  • human dignity,
  • common European legal value,
  • inviolable dignity of man,
  • fundamental rights,
  • pre-implantation genetic diagnostics (PGD)
How to Cite
Hillgruber, C. (2020). Human Dignity as a Legal Concept. A Vision of European Culture. The Legal Culture, 2(1), 113-123. https://doi.org/10.37873/legal.2019.2.1.48

Abstract

The article identifies the belief in human dignity as indispenseable human right as the essence of European legal culture. From a historical point of view, it lines out that, originally, the foundation of a common Europe should be, first of all, the belief in human rights based on the inviolable dignity of man. The article examines the meaning of human dignity in a legal sense, identifying the core of human dignity as “the promise of legal personality especially in the state of imperfection and weakness”. In a next step, attention is drawn to the fact, that the practice of pre-implantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) casts doubt on the validity of this concept of human dignity as common European legal value. As a consequence, Europe is called to return to its spiritual and religious foundations under which the legal concept of human dignity developed.

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