Vol. 2 No. 1 (2019): In Memoriam: Czesław Martyniak

Human Rights Fundamentalism: How Human Rights Became Modern Man’s New Religion

István Kovács
Center for Fundamental Rights (Hungary)
Published 9.11.2020
  • human rights,
  • modernity,
  • international law,
  • philosophy of law
How to Cite
Kovács, I. (2020). Human Rights Fundamentalism: How Human Rights Became Modern Man’s New Religion. The Legal Culture, 2(1), 155-160. https://doi.org/10.37873/legal.2019.2.1.35


It is said that human rights are universal. They will protect us from the state. Human rights must form the basis for any interaction of individuals with each other and with the states. Governments must always abide by them. Human rights are “enshrined” in international declarations, treaties, and agreements. Human rights touch all, guide all, and guard all. Or so it seems.


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  1. Pellet A, ’„Human rightism” and international law’ (lecture delivered on 18 July 2000) http://pellet.actu.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/02/PELLET-2000-Human-rightism-and-international-law-G.-Amado.pdf accessed 16 October 2020
  2. Puppinck G, ’Conscientious Objection and Human Rights: A Systematic Analysis’ (2017) 1(1) Brill Research Perspectives in Law and Religion 1 https://eclj.org/conscientious-objection/echr/objection-de-conscience-et-droits-de-lhomme-essai-danalyse-systmatique, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1163/24682993-12340001 accessed 16 October 2020